Highly efficient wood truss systems
Digital production of highly efficient wood-wood connections
Currently, laminated timber is widely used beside classic sawn timber. The gluing allows for higher part length and involves an advantageous behavior regarding deformations due to shrinkage and lead to better, more regular mechanical properties. The drawback is a low material utilization factor. Starting from a tree trunk, only 25-30 % are part of the final product. Thus, the high-quality product has to be used as efficient as possible.
At moment mostly, plate girders made of laminated timber are used as a result of the efficient industrialized manufacturing process. If in comparison a truss system is used, a similar load bearing capacity and stiffness can be achieved with much less material effort. The aim of the research group for biobased design, led by Prof. Benjamin Kromoser, is to industrialize the design and manufacturing process of timber truss systems to be able to compete with the common plate girder systems. In detail the complete process starting from the design, static optimization, static proofs according to the standards, work preparation to production process will be cumulated in a continuous digital approach.
The stiffness of a truss system is directly linked to the stiffness of the truss joints. Thus, we started to test different wood-wood connections to determine the most efficient version for the approach. Besides traditional wood connections and engineer-type wood connections (gusset plate) we also tested completely new versions which are enabled by digital fabrication tools.